Pediatric ophthalmology

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1996 Oct;7(5):3-7. doi: 10.1097/00055735-199610000-00002.


In the recent pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus literature, there have been some important papers. Topics have included ocular outcomes in children born before 32 weeks of gestation, a practical correlate of Teller visual acuities and visual behavior in a real environment in a severely handicapped child, and a debate on the indications and efficacy of population screening for amblyopia. New information on the creation of refractive errors by earlier eyelid closure than used previously and a new torsionometer represent new sensory information. New information about motor adaptations in strabismus includes a new evaluation of saccade disconjugacy in deep amblyopia and in anisometropia. Spasmus nutans may be a long-term rather than a self-limiting disease, and the debate on neuroimaging in this condition has been evaluated. A subtle predictor of outcome in the surgical treatment of partially accommodative esotropia is presented, as well as an important case report on the treatment of a metabolic cause of strabismus in chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia with coenzyme Q10. Finally, some information is presented on the treatment of hereditary retinal dystrophies with nonautologous retinal pigment epithelial cell transplants to the subretinal space of the dystrophic retina-the first experimental model of a successful biologic treatment of which I am aware and a possible indicator of future trends in human disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Eye Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Eye Diseases / etiology
  • Eye Diseases / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Ophthalmology / methods*
  • Pediatrics*
  • Visual Acuity