Efficacy of amlodipine in pediatric patients with hypertension

Pediatr Nephrol. 1999 May;13(4):304-10. doi: 10.1007/s004670050614.


We designed a study to determine the efficacy and safety of amlodipine given once daily in the pediatric population. Twenty-one patients (mean age 13.1 years) with either essential (n=160) or renal (n=5) hypertension, and newly diagnosed (n=15) or poorly controlled or intolerant on existing antihypertensive therapy (n=6), were included. Patients received amlodipine once daily at a starting mean dose of 0.07+/-0.04 mg/kg per day. The total daily dose of amlodipine was increased 25%-50% every 5-7 days if the mean home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) were above the 95th percentile for age and gender. A baseline followed by a repeat 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitor study (ABPM) was performed in 20 patients when the mean HBPM was below the 95th percentile goal. The mean titrated dose required to control BP was 0.29+/-0.11 mg/kg per day for those < 13 years, 0.16+/-0.11 mg/kg per day for those > or = 13 years, 0.23+/-0.14 mg/kg per day for essential, hypertension and 0.24+/-0.13 mg/kg per day for renal hypertension. The ABPM demonstrated that amlodipine provided effective BP control as primary therapy in 14 essential patients. Adverse effects included fatigue (n=6), headache (n=5), facial flushing (n=4), dizziness (n=3), edema (n=3), abdominal pain (n=3), chest pain (n=2), nausea (n=1), and vomiting (n=1). Quality of life appeared to improve during therapy. Amlodipine was an effective once daily antihypertensive agent with an acceptable safety profile. Higher doses of amlodipine were required for younger patients, and monotherapy was effective in patients with essential hypertension.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Amlodipine / administration & dosage*
  • Amlodipine / adverse effects
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Antihypertensive Agents / adverse effects
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Hypertension, Renal / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension, Renal / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Amlodipine