The Rho family of GTP-binding proteins has been implicated in the regulation of various cellular functions including actin cytoskeleton-dependent morphological change. Its activity is directed by intracellular signals mediated by various types of receptors such as G protein-coupled receptors. However, the mechanisms underlying receptor-dependent regulation of Rho family members remain incompletely understood. The guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Dbl targets Rho family proteins thereby stimulating their GDP/GTP exchange, and thus is believed to be involved in receptor-mediated regulation of the proteins. Here, we show the association of Dbl with G protein betagamma subunits (Gbetagamma) in transient co-expression and cell-free systems. An amino-terminal portion conserved among a subset of Dbl family proteins is sufficient for the binding of Gbetagamma. In fact, Ost and Kalirin, which contain this Gbetagamma-binding motif, also associate with Gbetagamma. c-Jun N-terminal kinase was synergistically activated upon co-expression of Dbl and Gbeta in a dominant-negative Rho-sensitive manner. However, GEF activity of Dbl toward Rho as measured by in vitro GDP binding assays remained unaffected following Gbetagamma binding, suggesting that additional signals may be required for the regulation of Dbl.