Quality specifications for ordinal scale measurements with multiproperty (multiple) urine test strips

Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1999 Nov;59(7):523-6. doi: 10.1080/00365519950185274.


Analytical quality specifications for ordinal scale measurements have not been presented so far. Criteria are suggested for multiproperty (multiple) urine test strips based on upper limits of healthy reference intervals, analytical performance and statistical tests applicable to ordinal scales. Trueness (accuracy) can be evaluated against an acceptable comparison method by applying sensitivity and specificity concepts, and defining a grey zone with a lower detection limit and an upper confirmation limit. Concordance (agreement) of two or more ordinal scale categories should be evaluated by subtracting random agreement, using Kappa statistics. Repeatability (precision) can be calculated for categorized results using binomial statistics.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques / standards*
  • Humans
  • Quality Control
  • Reagent Strips / standards*
  • Urinalysis / standards*


  • Reagent Strips