N-formyl hydroxylamine containing dipeptides: generation of a new class of vasopeptidase inhibitors

Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2000 Feb 7;10(3):257-60. doi: 10.1016/s0960-894x(99)00671-x.


Four primary zinc-binding pharmacophores (thiols, carboxylates, phosphorus acids, and hydroxamates) have been utilized in generating inhibitors of zinc metalloproteases such as ACE, NEP, the MMPs, and ECE. Although compounds which inhibit the activity of both ACE and NEP (vasopeptidase inhibitors, VPIs) have been reported which incorporate a thiol, carboxylate, or phosphorus acid pharmacophore, the generation of hydroxamate based vasopeptidase inhibitors has remained elusive. Herein we report the first potent vasopeptidase inhibitors which were generated from the incorporation of conformationally restricted dipeptide mimetics to an N-formyl hydroxylamine zinc-binding group. Compounds such as 13c and 13d are among the most potent in this series, exhibiting in vitro activity comparable to other classes of inhibitors.

MeSH terms

  • Dipeptides / chemistry
  • Dipeptides / pharmacology*
  • Hydroxylamines / analysis*
  • Metalloendopeptidases / antagonists & inhibitors*


  • Dipeptides
  • Hydroxylamines
  • Metalloendopeptidases