Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale

Br J Psychiatry. 2000 Apr:176:379-86. doi: 10.1192/bjp.176.4.379.


Background: Of available self-rated social phobia scales, none assesses the spectrum of fear, avoidance, and physiological symptoms, all of which are clinically important. Because of this limitation, we developed the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN).

Aims: To establish psychometric validation of the SPIN.

Method: Subjects from three clinical trials and two control groups were given the 17-item, self-rated SPIN. Validity was assessed against several established measures of social anxiety, global assessments of severity and improvement, and scales assessing physical health and disability.

Results: Good test-retest reliability, internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity were obtained. A SPIN score of 19 distinguished between social phobia subjects and controls. The SPIN was responsive to change in symptoms over time and reflected different responses to active drugs v. placebo. Factorial analysis identified five factors.

Conclusions: The SPIN demonstrates solid psychometric properties and shows promise as a measurement for the screening of, and treatment response to, social phobia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phobic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics / methods
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index