Single-dose pharmacokinetics of quetiapine in subjects with renal or hepatic impairment

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2000 May;24(4):521-33. doi: 10.1016/s0278-5846(00)00090-7.


1. The atypical antipsychotic quetiapine ('Seroquel') provides equivalent efficacy to the typical antipsychotics chlorpromazine and haloperidol in the short-term treatment of schizophrenia. Moreover, the incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms associated with quetiapine treatment is equivalent to that observed with placebo treatment, which may lead to increased patient compliance with quetiapine compared with typical antipsychotics. 2. This report presents the results from two small studies aimed at determining the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine in nonpsychotic subjects with renal or hepatic impairment. Equal numbers of impaired subjects and healthy control subjects were administered a single, 25 mg dose of quetiapine, and plasma concentrations were determined up to 48 hr after dosing. 3. No clinically significant differences were found when the pharmacokinetic parameters for subjects with renal or hepatic impairment were compared with those for healthy control subjects. The results indicate that dosage adjustment of quetiapine may be unnecessary in psychotic patients with decreased renal function. 4. In subjects with hepatic impairment related to alcoholic cirrhosis, the results suggest that no change is needed in the recommended quetiapine starting dose (25 mg). However, because of a noted inter-subject variability in the clearance of quetiapine in the cirrhotic group, it is recommended that dose escalation be performed with caution in patients with hepatic impairment. 5. The single dose of quetiapine 25 mg generally was well tolerated in nonpsychotic subjects in good health or with either renal or hepatic impairments. Quetiapine also had no effect on the endogenous creatinine clearance of renally impaired or healthy control subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antipsychotic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antipsychotic Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Dibenzothiazepines / administration & dosage
  • Dibenzothiazepines / pharmacokinetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases / complications*
  • Kidney Diseases / metabolism
  • Liver Diseases / complications*
  • Liver Diseases / metabolism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quetiapine Fumarate
  • Schizophrenia / drug therapy


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Dibenzothiazepines
  • Quetiapine Fumarate