Characterization of growth and acid formation in a Bacillus subtilis pyruvate kinase mutant

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Sep;66(9):4045-9. doi: 10.1128/AEM.66.9.4045-4049.2000.


Based on measurements and theoretical analyses, we identified deletion of pyruvate kinase (PYK) activity as a possible route for elimination of acid formation in Bacillus subtilis cultures grown on glucose minimal media. Evidence consistent with the attenuation of PYK flux has come from metabolic flux calculations, metabolic pool and enzymatic activity measurements, and a series of nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, all suggesting a nearly complete inhibition of PYK activity for glucose-citrate fed cultures in which the amount of acid formation was nearly zero. In this paper, we report the construction and characterization of a pyk mutant of B. subtilis. Our results demonstrate an almost complete elimination of acid production in cultures of the pyk mutant in glucose minimal medium. The substantial reduction in acid production is accompanied by increased CO(2) production and a reduced rate of growth. Metabolic analysis indicated a dramatic increase in intracellular pools of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and glucose-6-P in the pyk mutant. The high concentrations of PEP and glucose-6-P could explain the decreased growth rate of the mutant. The substantial accumulation of PEP does not occur in Escherichia coli pyk mutants. The very high concentration of PEP which accumulates in the B. subtilis pyk mutant could be exploited for production of various aromatics.

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus subtilis / enzymology*
  • Bacillus subtilis / genetics
  • Bacillus subtilis / growth & development*
  • Culture Media
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate / metabolism
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Mutation
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate / metabolism
  • Pyruvate Kinase / genetics
  • Pyruvate Kinase / metabolism*
  • Pyruvic Acid / metabolism


  • Culture Media
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Pyruvate Kinase
  • Glucose