Background & aims: Cholecystokinin (CCK) is known to stimulate the synthesis of digestive enzymes in the pancreas at the translational level. We investigated in vivo the biochemical regulation of initiation factors important for the stimulation of translation of digestive enzyme protein in rat pancreas by CCK.
Methods: Intraperitoneal injection of CCK or intragastric administration of a trypsin inhibitor to elicit endogenous CCK release was followed by removal and preparation of pancreas for protein evaluation. Isoelectric focusing was used to evaluate the phosphorylation of the initiation factor eIF4E, and Western blotting and immunoprecipitation followed by Western blotting were used to study the phosphorylation state and amount of other interacting factors.
Results: CCK treatment induced a time- and dose-dependent phosphorylation of pancreatic eIF4E and its binding protein (PHAS-I). Because the release of eIF4E from its binding protein as a result of phosphorylation is followed by formation of a messenger RNA cap-binding complex that includes the initiation factor eIF4G, we evaluated the association of eIF4G with released eIF4E and showed that it was increased by CCK. These events occurred over a range of CCK doses from 0.2 to 5 microg/kg. We also evaluated the effect of endogenous CCK by administering a synthetic trypsin inhibitor, camostat (100 mg/kg). Camostat treatment markedly increased the phosphorylation of both PHAS-I and eIF4E and the formation of eIF4E-eIF4G complex. Thus, both exogenous and endogenous CCK activate translational initiation factors in vivo.
Conclusions: Activation of translational machinery necessary for initiation of protein synthesis likely contributes to the normal postprandial synthesis of pancreatic digestive enzymes.