Postantibiotic effects and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects of amoxicillin on Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus sanguis

J Chemother. 2000 Oct;12(5):379-84. doi: 10.1179/joc.2000.12.5.379.


Amoxicillin is one of the most frequently recommended antibiotics for prophylaxis of infective endocarditis in dental/oral procedures. In this study, the postantibiotic effect (PAE), postantibiotic sub-MIC (PASME) and sub-MIC effect (SME) of amoxicillin on oral streptococci, Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus sanguis, which are two of the major etiological agents in infective endocarditis, were investigated. The PAE was induced by 10 x MIC of amoxicillin for 2 h and the antibiotic was eliminated by washing. The PASMEs were studied by addition of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 x MICs during the postantibiotic phase of the bacteria, and the SMEs were studied by exposing bacteria to amoxicillin at the sub-MICs only. The PAE of amoxicillin was 2.0 h with S. gordonii DL1 and 0.7 h with S. sanguis MPC1. The PASME and SME of amoxicillin were observed both for S. gordonii DL1 and for S. sanguis MPC1. However, the durations of effects for S. sanguis MPC1 were shorter than those for S. gordonii DL1. The PASME values for both strains increased as the concentration of amoxicillin increased. The PASME values for both strains were substantially longer than the SME values. The present study illustrates the existence of PAE, PASME and SME for amoxicillin against S. gordonii and S. sanguis, thereby extending the pharmacodynamic advantages of amoxicillin for these bacteria in the prophylaxis procedures of infective endocarditis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amoxicillin / pharmacology*
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods
  • Mouth / microbiology
  • Penicillins / pharmacology*
  • Streptococcus sanguis / drug effects*


  • Penicillins
  • Amoxicillin