Role of laparoscopic salpingostomy in the treatment of hydrosalpinx

Fertil Steril. 2001 Mar;75(3):594-600. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(00)01737-4.


Objective: To determine pregnancy rates after laparoscopic salpingostomy in occlusive distal tubal disease. To evaluate the relative impact of various historical, physical, and operative factors on pregnancy outcome using a multivariate statistical analysis.

Design: Prospective cohort.

Setting: University-affiliated tertiary care infertility clinic.

Patient(s): One hundred thirty-nine infertile women with occlusive distal tube disease.

Intervention(s): Laparoscopic salpingostomy.

Main outcome measure(s): The occurrence of intrauterine (IUP) and ectopic pregnancy (EP).

Result(s): The overall IUP and EP rates were 24.5% and 16.5%, respectively. Analysis of historical variables, assessed independently, demonstrated a significantly higher IUP rate with a positive history of gonorrhea and a significantly higher EP rate with a positive history of pelvic inflammatory disease, lack of history of intrauterine device (IUD) usage, or the performance of a bilateral procedure. The logistic regression model to predict intrauterine pregnancy had an overall predictive value of 77.5% and included the following significant variables: secondary infertility, positive history of gonorrhea, and the operative finding of moderate periadnexal adhesions. The logistic regression model to predict ectopic pregnancy had an overall predictive value of 89.0% and included the following significant variables: previous ectopic pregnancy, negative history of IUD use, positive history of PID, a bilateral procedure, and perihepatic adhesions.

Conclusion(s): Operative laparoscopy may be effective for the correction of hydrosalpinges in selected patients. The probability of achieving an intrauterine or an ectopic pregnancy can be predicted based on combinations of significant variables.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Fallopian Tube Diseases / surgery*
  • Female
  • Gonorrhea / complications
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Infertility, Female / therapy
  • Intrauterine Devices / adverse effects
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Logistic Models
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Pregnancy, Ectopic / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy, Ectopic / etiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Salpingostomy / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome