Use of percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) for treating ECT-induced headaches

Headache. 1999 Jul-Aug;39(7):502-5. doi: 10.1046/j.1526-4610.1999.3907502.x.


Five patients who experienced migrainelike attacks associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) were treated using a novel nonpharmacologic therapy known as percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS). In this sham-controlled preliminary evaluation, PENS therapy proved to be a useful alternative to opioid analgesics for the acute treatment and/or prevention of ECT-induced headache.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depressive Disorder / therapy
  • Electroacupuncture*
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Headache / etiology
  • Headache / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Migraine Disorders / etiology
  • Migraine Disorders / therapy*
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation*