The effects of nuts on coronary heart disease risk

Nutr Rev. 2001 Apr;59(4):103-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2001.tb06996.x.


Epidemiologic studies have consistently demonstrated beneficial effects of nut consumption on coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality in different population groups. Clinical studies have reported total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering effects of heart-healthy diets that contain various nuts or legume peanuts. It is evident that the favorable fatty acid profile of nuts (high in unsaturated fatty acids and low in saturated fatty acids) contributes to cholesterol lowering and, hence, CHD risk reduction. Dietary fiber and other bioactive constituents in nuts may confer additional cardioprotective effects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Disease / diet therapy*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Nuts / therapeutic use*
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Risk Factors


  • Lipids