Mediastinal tumors

Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2001 Jul;7(4):226-33. doi: 10.1097/00063198-200107000-00011.


Mediastinal tumors are comprised of various benign and malignant neoplasms that share the same anatomic location within the thorax. The mediastinum is traditionally divided into three compartments: the anterior, middle, and posterior mediastinum. This division, based on lateral chest radiographs, helps clinicians establish appropriate differential diagnoses and plan further imaging, diagnostic, and treatment strategies. With the continued and complex advances in imaging, medical treatment, and surgery, we recommend a multidisciplinary approach to the management of mediastinal tumors. This discussion is intended to guide the pulmonary specialist through this potentially complex approach.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / therapy*