Influence of previous exposure to antibiotic therapy on the susceptibility pattern of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremic isolates

Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Dec 1;33(11):1859-64. doi: 10.1086/324346. Epub 2001 Oct 24.


Many patients who present with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia have been previously exposed to antibiotics. To assess whether resistance of bacteremic strains to antipseudomonal antibiotics (piperacillin, ceftazidime, imipenem, ciprofloxacin, or aminoglycosides) is associated with previous exposure to these drugs, a case-control study including 267 cases of P. aeruginosa bacteremia was conducted. Twenty-five percent of the episodes had been preceded by the exposure to an antipseudomonal antibiotic. Eighty-one strains were resistant to at least 1 antibiotic; 186 were susceptible to all drugs. Via univariate analysis, the risks of resistance to ceftazidime and imipenem were found to be significantly associated with previous receipt of these agents. Using multivariate analysis, exposure to any antipseudomonal antibiotic as a monotherapy was found to be associated with an increased risk of subsequent resistance to itself (odds ratio, 2.5; P=.006). Therefore, clinicians should avoid readministering previously prescribed antibiotics when initiating empiric therapies for possible P. aeruginosa bacteremia, especially when they have been given as monotherapies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bacteremia / diagnosis
  • Bacteremia / microbiology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pseudomonas Infections / diagnosis
  • Pseudomonas Infections / microbiology*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / isolation & purification*
  • Risk Factors