Injection drug users are frequently infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and receive opioid dependence pharmacotherapies and zidovudine (ZDV), the latter as a component of highly active antiretroviral therapy. We previously reported that methadone substantially increases ZDV concentrations. We now report on oral ZDV pharmacokinetics in 52 subjects receiving the opioid dependence pharmacotherapies l-alpha-acetylmethadol LAAM, buprenorphine, or naltrexone, and 17 non-opioid-treated controls. Relative to the area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) of ZDV in control subjects, no statistically significant differences in ZDV AUC were observed in participants treated with LAAM (p = .75), buprenorphine (p = .37), or naltrexone (p = .34). While methadone maintenance may result in ZDV toxicity and possibly require dose adjustments, other opioid pharmacotherapies should not produce ZDV toxicity.