Arthrobacter nasiphocae sp. nov., from the common seal (Phoca vitulina)

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002 Mar;52(Pt 2):569-571. doi: 10.1099/00207713-52-2-569.


An unknown gram-positive, catalase-positive, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from the nasal cavities of two common seals. Chemical analysis revealed the presence in the bacterium of a hitherto unknown cell-wall murein [type: L-Lys-L-Ala2-Gly(2-3)-L-Ala (Gly)]. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the unidentified rod was related to the Arthrobacter group of organisms, although sequence divergence values of >3% from established members of this genus indicated that it represents a novel species. On the basis of phenotypic and phylogenetic considerations, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from seals (Phoca vitulina) be classified as a novel species, Arthrobacter nasiphocae sp. nov. The type strain of Arthrobacter nasiphocae is CCUG 42953T.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthrobacter / chemistry
  • Arthrobacter / classification*
  • Arthrobacter / genetics
  • Cell Wall / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nasal Cavity / microbiology
  • Peptidoglycan / analysis
  • Peptidoglycan / chemistry
  • Phenotype
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / chemistry
  • Seals, Earless / microbiology*
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Peptidoglycan
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ292364