The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors that may be predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children after a traumatic injury. The study was a retrospective review of data collected from 337 pediatric trauma patients treated in a multidisicplinary outpatient clinic. Results from Chi-square and t-test analyses indicated that gender, ethnicity, age, and injury severity were not risk factors for PTSD. However, mechanism of injury, specifically a gun shot wound (p =.001), was associated with development of PTSD, as was body area of injury, specifically the abdomen (p =.001). Psychiatric screening of patients with gun shot wounds and wounds to the abdomen may help with the early identification and treatment of PTSD.
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