Risk factors for pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder after traumatic injury

Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2002 Aug;16(4):168-75. doi: 10.1053/apnu.2002.34391.


The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors that may be predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children after a traumatic injury. The study was a retrospective review of data collected from 337 pediatric trauma patients treated in a multidisicplinary outpatient clinic. Results from Chi-square and t-test analyses indicated that gender, ethnicity, age, and injury severity were not risk factors for PTSD. However, mechanism of injury, specifically a gun shot wound (p =.001), was associated with development of PTSD, as was body area of injury, specifically the abdomen (p =.001). Psychiatric screening of patients with gun shot wounds and wounds to the abdomen may help with the early identification and treatment of PTSD.

MeSH terms

  • Abbreviated Injury Scale
  • Abdominal Injuries / psychology
  • Accidental Falls
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology
  • Texas / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / psychology*
  • Wounds, Gunshot / psychology