No security: a meta-analysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences

J Occup Health Psychol. 2002 Jul;7(3):242-64.


Meta-analytic techniques were used to estimate how job insecurity relates to its postulated outcomes. Consistent with the conceptual framework, the results indicate that job insecurity has detrimental consequences for employees' job attitudes, organizational attitudes, health, and, to some extent, their behavioral relationship with the organization. Moderator analyses suggest that these relationships may be underestimated in studies relying on single-item measures of job insecurity and that the behavioral consequences of insecurity are more detrimental among manual, as compared with nonmanual, workers. Recommendations made for future research include utilization of multidimensional measures, consideration of a broader spectrum of outcomes and moderators, and use of longitudinal designs.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety
  • Attitude
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Occupational Health*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Sweden
  • Unemployment / psychology*
  • Workload / psychology