The effect of wine or beer versus a carbonated soft drink, served at a meal, on ad libitum energy intake

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Oct;26(10):1367-72. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802069.


Background: Alcoholic beverage drinking may increase total energy intake at a meal by various mechanisms and this effect may depend on the sort of beverage.

Objective: To test the effect of wine, beer and a soft drink served with a normal meal on food and total energy intake in non-obese men.

Design: A supper meal consisting of three consecutive dishes was presented to 22 young men. Ad libitum energy intakes (EI) of the meal were measured at three different occasions in a cross-over design with red wine, lager beer or a carbonated soft drink. This was done in two studies with different design. In the first study the beverages were supplied ad libitum and in a second study the intake of the beverages was fixed: beer and soft drink at 9 ml/kg body weight and wine isoalcoholic to beer, 3.185 ml/kg body weight.

Results: In the ad libitum beverage study total EI was higher with wine than with the soft drink and beer (P<0.05). In the fixed beverage study differences in total EI did not reach statistical significance (P=0.14), although the intake of goulash was higher with wine and beer than with the soft drink (P<0.005).

Conclusion: These data indicate that alcoholic beverages, and wine in particular, may enhance total EI at a meal relative to a soft drink, when served with no restriction.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Appetite*
  • Beer*
  • Carbonated Beverages*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Energy Intake*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Wine*