The purpose of this study was to evaluate chromosomal regions previously linked to pathological myopia for linkage to juvenile myopia in a sample of myopic children and their families. Of 125 families with a myopic child participating in the Orinda longitudinal study of myopia, 53 submitted 221 buccal swab samples for genetic analysis. Myopia in proband children was defined as -0.75 D or more myopia in both meridians on cycloplegic autorefraction (1% tropicamide). Affected status in parents and siblings was obtained by survey. DNA was extracted from buccal mucosal cells, amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and then analyzed with seven markers for chromosome 12 and five markers for chromosome 18 in the regions previously associated with pathological myopia. LOD scores were not significant for any marker tested. The largest positive LOD score was 0.15 for GATA30F04. Model-free methods using a SimIBD approach suggested a possible linkage at one marker, GATA6H09 (P = 0.003), but these results were not supported by transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) analysis. The statistical power to detect LOD scores of > or =1.0, assuming homogeneity, was estimated at 93.2%. We found no confirmatory evidence of linkage between juvenile myopia and regions of chromosomes 12 and 18 previously associated with pathological myopia.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.