Heritability and complex segregation analysis of hypoadrenocorticism in the standard poodle

J Small Anim Pract. 2003 Jan;44(1):8-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2003.tb00096.x.


The heritability of hypoadrenocorticism (Addison's disease) was evaluated in 778 standard poodles with known Addisonian phenotypes. Addisonian status was confirmed clinically by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) challenge and 8.6 per cent of the poodles enrolled in the study were classified as being Addisonian. Hypoadrenocorticism affected both sexes with equal probability (P > 0.1). The most common coat colours had a negligible effect on the incidence of hypoadrenocorticism (P > 0.09), although red coat colour had a significant impact on the disease, probably due to the relatively small numbers of dogs with that coat colour. The heritability of hypoadrenocorticism in the standard poodle was estimated to be 0.75. Complex segregation analyses suggested that hypoadrenocorticism in the breed is influenced by an autosomal recessive locus. Clarification of both the heritability and mode of inheritance of hypoadrenocorticism in the standard poodle allows for better-informed breeding decisions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Insufficiency / epidemiology
  • Adrenal Insufficiency / genetics
  • Adrenal Insufficiency / veterinary*
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Animals
  • Breeding
  • California / epidemiology
  • Color
  • Dog Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Dog Diseases / genetics*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hair
  • Male
  • Phenotype


  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone