Congenital H-type anovestibuler fistula

World J Gastroenterol. 2003 Apr;9(4):881-2. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v9.i4.881.


The congenital H-type fistula between the anorectum and genital tract besides a normal anus is a rare entity in the spectrum of anorectal anomalies. We described a girl with an anovestibuler H-type fistula and left vulvar abscess. A 40-day-old girl presented symptoms after her parents noted the presence of stool at the vestibulum. On the physical examination, anus was in normal location and size, and had normal sphincter tone. A vestibuler opening was seen in the midline just below of the hymen. A fistulous communication was found between the vestibuler opening and the anus, just above the dentate line. There was a vulvar abscess which had a left lateral vulvar drainage opening 15 mm left lateral to the perineum. After the management of local inflammation and abscess, the patient was operated for primary repair of the fistula. A protective colostomy wasn't performed prior the operation. A profuse diarrhea started after 5 hours of postoperation. After the diarrhea, a recurrent fistula was occurred on the second postoperative day. A divided sigmoid colostomy was performed. 2 months later, and anterior sagital anorectoplasty was reconstructed and colostomy was closed 1 month later. Various surgical techniques with or without protective colostomy have been described for double termination repair. But there is no consensus regarding surgical management of double termination.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Colostomy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures
  • Rectovaginal Fistula / congenital
  • Rectovaginal Fistula / diagnosis
  • Rectovaginal Fistula / surgery*
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome