Compensatory regulation of striatal neuropeptide gene expression occurs before changes in metabolic activity of basal ganglia nuclei

Neurobiol Dis. 2003 Jun;13(1):46-54. doi: 10.1016/s0969-9961(03)00011-1.


Compensatory mechanisms delay the appearance of parkinsonian symptoms. However, both the order of appearance and potential interactions of compensatory mechanisms acting within the nigrostriatal pathway as well as inside and outside the basal ganglia are not clear. We hypothesize that, after the striatal dopaminergic homeostasis breakdown, a modification in the expression of several striatal markers (neuropeptide precursors and dopamine receptors) may occur before a change in the activity of both globus pallidus (GP) and substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) in response to a partial nigrostriatal lesion. The present data show, in MPTP-treated mice, that preproenkephalin-A and preprotachykinin mRNA expression and D(3) receptor binding are modified without changes in cytochrome oxidase metabolic activity in both GP and SNr, respectively. These changes in neuropeptide expression would compensate for the dopamine depletion-induced changes in inhibitory GABAergic input from the striatum to GP and SNr. It also indicates that nondopaminergic compensatory mechanisms inherent to the basal ganglia are activated before those residing outside the basal ganglia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine
  • Animals
  • Basal Ganglia / drug effects
  • Basal Ganglia / metabolism*
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Disease Progression
  • Electron Transport Complex IV / metabolism
  • Enkephalins / genetics
  • Enkephalins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation / physiology
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neuropeptides / genetics
  • Neuropeptides / metabolism*
  • Parkinsonian Disorders / chemically induced
  • Parkinsonian Disorders / metabolism*
  • Protein Precursors / genetics
  • Protein Precursors / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1 / genetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Dopamine D3
  • Tachykinins / genetics
  • Tachykinins / metabolism


  • Drd3 protein, mouse
  • Enkephalins
  • Neuropeptides
  • Protein Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Dopamine D1
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Receptors, Dopamine D3
  • Tachykinins
  • preprotachykinin
  • preproenkephalin
  • 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine
  • Electron Transport Complex IV