Body dysmorphic disorder in patients with acne

Compr Psychiatry. 2003 Sep-Oct;44(5):415-9. doi: 10.1016/S0010-440X(03)00102-0.


There is growing evidence that the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is significantly higher in specially selected populations as compared to the general population. The goal of the current study was to evaluate prevalence of BDD in Turkish patients with mild acne presenting to a dermatologist for treatment. This study was the first empirical investigation of BDD in acne patients in Turkey. One hundred fifty-nine outpatients diagnosed with acne who consulted to the dermatology clinic were included in the study. The diagnosis of BDD was based on DSM-IV criteria and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I). A study-specific questionnaire was administered to document and investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the cases. Fourteen (8.8%) patients were diagnosed with BDD. Three (21.4%) patients with acne and BDD also had concomitant psychiatric diagnoses. All of the patients were psychiatric management-naive, never received any psychological or physical treatments. BDD was a common psychiatric condition in acne cases. We suggest that dermatologists should routinely explore symptoms and screen such patients for BDD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acne Vulgaris / complications
  • Acne Vulgaris / psychology*
  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / complications
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / complications
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / diagnosis
  • Dysthymic Disorder / complications
  • Dysthymic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / complications
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Phobic Disorders / complications
  • Phobic Disorders / diagnosis
  • Prevalence
  • Somatoform Disorders / complications
  • Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis
  • Somatoform Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Somatoform Disorders / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey / epidemiology