Interactions between activating signal cointegrator-2 and the tumor suppressor retinoblastoma in androgen receptor transactivation

J Biol Chem. 2004 Feb 20;279(8):7131-5. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M312563200. Epub 2003 Nov 25.


Activating signal cointegrator-2 (ASC-2), a cancer-amplified transcription coactivator of nuclear receptors and numerous other transcription factors, was previously shown to contain two LXXLL motifs, each of which interacts with a distinct set of nuclear receptors. In this work, we showed that ASC-2 has an indirect, separate binding site for androgen receptor (AR). Interestingly, this region overlapped with the direct interaction interfaces with the tumor suppressor retinoblastoma (Rb). Although ASC-2 alone stimulated AR transactivation in cotransfections of HeLa cells, ectopic expression of Rb effected ASC-2 to act as a transcription coactivator of AR in Rb-null Saos2 cells. These results, along with the previous report in which AR was shown to directly interact with Rb (Yeh, S., Miyamoto, H., Nishimura, K., Kang, H., Ludlow, J., Hsiao, P., Wang, C., Su, C., and Chang C. (1998) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 248, 361-367), suggest that the AR-ASC-2 interactions in vivo may involve Rb. Thus, ASC-2 appears to contain at least three distinct nuclear receptor interaction domains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Nuclear Receptor Coactivators
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Androgen / genetics
  • Receptors, Androgen / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Retinoblastoma Protein / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcriptional Activation*


  • Chromatin
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • NCOA6 protein, human
  • Nuclear Receptor Coactivators
  • Receptors, Androgen
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Retinoblastoma Protein
  • Transcription Factors
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Glutathione Transferase