Echocardiographic assessment of the different left ventricular geometric patterns in middle-aged men and women in Tallinn

Blood Press. 2003;12(5-6):284-90. doi: 10.1080/08037050310016529.


The aim of this study was to determine the association of left ventricular (LV) geometry with sex, age, arterial hypertension and obesity in Tallinn. In a framework of a population study for cardiovascular risk factors, echocardiography was carried out in 325 men and 398 women (69.3% of all 1043 participants aged 35-59) in 1999-2001. Left ventricular hypertrophy was defined if left ventricular mass (LVM), LVM/height and LVM/body surface area were 294 g, 163 g/m and 150 g/m2 in men, and 198 g, 121 g/m and 120 g/m2 in women, respectively. LV geometry was analysed according to four types generally recognized (with regard to relative wall thickness > 0.45). The prevalence of concentric hypertrophy was similar in men and women: 7.7% and 9.1%. The prevalence of eccentric hypertrophy was significantly higher in women than in men (33.3% vs 4.9%). Concentric remodelling was also found in women more often than in men (9.5 vs 5.5%; p < 0.05). Regardless of sex and age, concentric hypertrophy was never found in participants with blood pressure < 140/90. In hypertensives, there was a tendency for age-related increase of concentric hypertrophy prevalence: the latter was higher in women than in men: 39.1% vs 25.5%; p < 0.05. In examinees with BMI < 30, this type of LV geometry was seldom found: in 3.1% of men and 5.0% of women; p < 0.05. In obese persons, it increased with age, reaching 26.5% in men and 21.2% in women (p < 0.05). The prevalence of eccentric hypertrophy in men increased with age, and with hypertension and obesity. The prevalence of concentric remodelling in men was not related to BMI; it was significantly more often found in older age groups and in hypertensives. In women, the prevalence of eccentric hypertrophy and concentric remodelling was not related to age, hypertension or obesity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Mass Index
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Estonia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnosis
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / epidemiology*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Factors
  • Ventricular Remodeling / physiology*