Urinary and plasma levels of resveratrol and quercetin in humans, mice, and rats after ingestion of pure compounds and grape juice

J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Feb 25;52(4):935-42. doi: 10.1021/jf030582e.


The present study investigates the bioavailability of resveratrol and quercetin in humans, mice, and rats after oral ingestion of grape juice preparations or pure aglycones. Oral administration of resveratrol and quercetin to humans yielded detectable levels of resveratrol, quercetin, and their derivatives in the plasma and urine. Urinary levels of resveratrol, quercetin, and their metabolites were observed in human subjects receiving 600 and 1200 mL of grape juice, whereas quercetin metabolites were identified in urine samples even after receiving 200 mL of grape juice. The cumulative amounts of resveratrol and quercetin excreted in the urine of mice receiving concentrated grape juice for 4 days were 2.3 and 0.7% of the ingested doses, respectively. After i.g. administration of resveratrol to rats (2 mg/kg), up to 1.2 microM resveratrol was observed in the plasma. The study demonstrates that the glycoside forms of resveratrol and quercetin in grape juice are absorbed to a lesser extent than the aglycones.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antioxidants / pharmacokinetics
  • Beverages*
  • Biological Availability
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Quercetin / blood
  • Quercetin / pharmacokinetics*
  • Quercetin / urine
  • Rats
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / blood
  • Stilbenes / pharmacokinetics*
  • Stilbenes / urine
  • Vitis / chemistry*


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Stilbenes
  • Quercetin
  • Resveratrol