Protective effect of enalapril on vascular reactivity of the rat aorta

Vascul Pharmacol. 2004 Jan;40(6):301-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vph.2004.02.003.


Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Strategies that interrupt the renin-angiotensin system have been shown to reduce the ensuing threatening risk factors. The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of subchronic administration of enalapril on the aortic reactivity of streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats. For this purpose, STZ-diabetic rats received enalapril (10 and 20 mg/kg ip) daily for 2 months. Contractile responses to phenylephrine (PE) and relaxation responses to acetylcholine (Ach) and isosorbide dinitrate (ISD) were obtained from aortic rings. Concentration-response curves from enalapril-treated diabetic (ED) rats to PE were attenuated as compared to vehicle-treated diabetics (VD), especially at a dose of 20 mg/kg for enalapril. In addition, endothelium-dependent relaxation responses induced by Ach was significantly higher in ED rats as compared to diabetic ones. The endothelium-independent relaxation responses for ISD were also found not to be significantly different among the groups. Therefore, subchronic treatment of diabetic rats with enalapril in a dose-dependent manner could prevent the functional changes in vascular reactivity in diabetic rats.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Aorta, Thoracic / drug effects*
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Body Weight
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / physiopathology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enalapril / pharmacology*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiopathology
  • Phenylephrine / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Vasoconstriction / drug effects
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology
  • Vasodilation / drug effects
  • Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Blood Glucose
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Phenylephrine
  • Enalapril
  • Isosorbide Dinitrate
  • Acetylcholine