Evaluation and treatment of chronic ankle pain

Instr Course Lect. 2004;53:311-21.

Abstract

The evaluation and treatment of chronic ankle pain presents a challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. A detailed history helps to determine causative factors resulting from earlier trauma or surgery. A careful physical examination and radiographic studies also are helpful in making an accurate diagnosis, which is the basis for choosing a specific and effective treatment regimen.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon
  • Ankle Joint*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Humans
  • Muscular Diseases / complications
  • Muscular Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Muscular Diseases / therapy*
  • Pain / diagnosis*
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain Management*
  • Physical Examination
  • Sprains and Strains / complications
  • Sprains and Strains / diagnosis
  • Sprains and Strains / therapy
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / complications
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome / therapy
  • Tendinopathy / complications
  • Tendinopathy / diagnosis
  • Tendinopathy / therapy
  • Tendons / physiopathology*