[Gaucher disease: clinical, genetic and therapeutic aspects]

Pathol Biol (Paris). 2004 Jul;52(6):343-50. doi: 10.1016/j.patbio.2003.09.018.
[Article in French]


Gaucher disease (GD) is one of the most prevalent lysosomal storage disorders and one of the rare genetic diseases for which therapy is now available. Partial deficiency of glucocerebrosidase is associated with parenchymal disease of the liver, spleen, and bone marrow with concomitant anaemia and thrombocytopenia in non-neuronopathic, type 1, Gaucher disease. Severe deficiency of glucocerebrosidase caused by disabling mutation is additionally associated with neurological manifestations in the less common type 2 and type 3 Gaucher diseases. Outside of the Ashkenazi Jewish community, a high molecular diversity is observed. Clarification of genotype-phenotype relationship and the identification of modifier loci that impact on Gaucher disease phenotypes remain a critical area for research. Recombinant glucocerebrosidase (imiglucerase) is an effective mean of treating type 1 Gaucher disease and should be initiated early on in life. Amelioration of hepatosplenomegaly and of haematological manifestations is usually apparent within six months. Bone disease responds more slowly. Imiglucerase has recently been approved for the treatment of type 3 Gaucher disease. Enzyme replacement therapy cannot reverse the neurological deficits in type 2 or type 3 Gaucher disease. This should prompt further research on substrate deprivation and gene therapy.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gaucher Disease / classification
  • Gaucher Disease / genetics*
  • Glucosylceramidase / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mutation / genetics


  • Glucosylceramidase