Crystal structure of the PH-BEACH domains of human LRBA/BGL

Biochemistry. 2004 Nov 30;43(47):14873-80. doi: 10.1021/bi049498y.


The beige and Chediak-Higashi syndrome (BEACH) domain defines a large family of eukaryotic proteins that have diverse cellular functions in vesicle trafficking, membrane dynamics, and receptor signaling. The domain is the only module that is highly conserved among all of these proteins, but the exact functions of this domain and the molecular basis for its actions are currently unknown. Our previous studies showed that the BEACH domain is preceded by a novel, weakly conserved pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. We report here the crystal structure at 2.4 A resolution of the PH-BEACH domain of human LRBA/BGL. The PH domain has the same backbone fold as canonical PH domains, despite sharing no sequence homology with them. However, our binding assays demonstrate that the PH domain in the BEACH proteins cannot bind phospholipids. The BEACH domain contains a core of several partially extended peptide segments that is flanked by helices on both sides. The structure suggests intimate association between the PH and the BEACH domains, and surface plasmon resonance studies confirm that the two domains of the protein FAN have high affinity for each other, with a K(d) of 120 nM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Chediak-Higashi Syndrome / genetics
  • Chediak-Higashi Syndrome / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Crystallography, X-Ray*
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / chemistry*
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / chemistry*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary*
  • Protein Transport
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • NBEA protein, human
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • LRBA protein, human
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Glutathione