Predictors and sequelae of fractures in the elderly: the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA)

Can J Aging. 2004 Fall;23(3):247-53.


The objective of this study was to describe the incidence, type, risk factors, and sequelae of fractures experienced by community-dwelling elderly Canadians. Data are from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA), a longitudinal cohort study, collected in three waves: baseline (1991), wave 2 (1996), and wave 3 (2001). In CSHA-2 (1996), fractures were reported by 3.7 per cent of men and 7.5 per cent of women; in CSHA-3 (2001), by 2.9 per cent of men and 7.3 per cent of women. The distribution of fracture types was similar for men and women. Risk factors for women were increased age, history of fracture, and regular alcohol use; for men, stroke, arthritis, and lack of independent bathing. Walkers or wheelchairs were needed by over 30 per cent of those with any lower body fracture. One third of subjects with any fracture and over 50 per cent with femur fractures reported moderate or severe pain. It is concluded that elderly Canadians are at high risk for fractures, and older women are at most risk. Pain and mobility problems were common sequelae. The need for primary and secondary prevention of these age-related events is paramount.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Fractures, Bone / complications*
  • Fractures, Bone / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Risk Factors