An outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni enteritis in a school of Madrid, Spain

Euro Surveill. 2005 Apr;10(4):118-21.


An outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by Campylobacter infection was identified in May 2003 in a school in Madrid, Spain. Eighty one cases were identified in a total of 253 people studied. A retrospective cohort study showed that a custard made with ultra high temperature (UHT) milk was associated with illness (RR: 3.15; 95% CI: 1.25-7.93). The custard was probably contaminated with Campylobacter jejuni from a raw chicken prepared a day previously in the same kitchen. Our recommendations were to periodically remind the school s authorities how to act if an outbreak should be suspected, to include the monitoring of a food handler s working day in each environmental investigation in order to detect any risk behaviour; to implement microbiological analysis from the surfaces and utensils of the collective kitchens and improve the sanitary education of food handlers.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Campylobacter / isolation & purification*
  • Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Comorbidity
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Food Contamination / analysis
  • Food Contamination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Gastroenteritis / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Students / statistics & numerical data