Performance of growing-finishing pigs fed diets containing YieldGard Rootworm corn (MON 863), a nontransgenic genetically similar corn, or conventional corn hybrids

J Anim Sci. 2005 Jul;83(7):1581-90. doi: 10.2527/2005.8371581x.


Two studies were conducted at two locations to evaluate growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs fed diets containing either YieldGard Rootworm corn (MON 863), a non-transgenic genetically similar corn (RX670), or two conventional nontransgenic corn hybrids (DK647 and RX740). A randomized complete block design with a 2 x 4 factorial arrangement of treatments (two genders and four corn hybrids) was used. Study 1 used 72 barrows and 72 gilts (progeny of Danbred sires x [Danbred x NE White line] dams grown from 22.7 to 117.0 kg BW). Pigs were housed in a modified open-front building in single-gender groups of six (six pens per dietary treatment). Study 2 used 80 barrows and 80 gilts (progeny of PIC 337 sires x C22 dams) grown from 29.5 to 114.9 kg BW. Pigs were housed in an environmentally controlled finishing building in single-gender groups of five (eight pens per dietary treatment). The test corns were included at a fixed proportion of the diet in both studies. Animals had ad libitum access to feed and water. Pigs were slaughtered at the end of the growth period using standard procedures, and carcass measurements were taken. There were no diet x gender interactions for growth performance or carcass measurements in either study. In both studies, overall ADG, ADFI, and G:F were not affected by corn hybrid. There was no effect of corn hybrid on carcass or LM quality measurements in Study 1. In Study 2, LM protein content was less (P< 0.05) for pigs fed RX740 compared with those fed either MON 863 or RX670; however, there was no effect of corn hybrid on other LM composition measures or on quality traits. In both studies, differences between barrows and gilts for growth and carcass traits were similar to previous research. These results suggest that the YieldGard Rootworm corn (MON 863) results in equivalent growth performance and carcass quality to nontransgenic corn hybrids in growing-finishing pigs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed / analysis
  • Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Animals
  • Chimera
  • Diet / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Meat / standards*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / chemistry
  • Random Allocation
  • Sex Factors
  • Swine / growth & development
  • Swine / physiology*
  • Ultrasonography / veterinary
  • Zea mays* / classification
  • Zea mays* / genetics