Advances in skeletal tissue engineering with hydrogels

Orthod Craniofac Res. 2005 Aug;8(3):150-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-6343.2005.00335.x.


Objectives: Tissue engineering has the potential to make a significant impact on improving tissue repair in the craniofacial system. The general strategy for tissue engineering includes seeding cells on a biomaterial scaffold. The number of scaffold and cell choices for tissue engineering systems is continually increasing and will be reviewed.

Design: Multilayered hydrogel systems were developed to coculture different cell types and develop osteochondral tissues for applications including the temporomandibular joint.

Experimental variable: Hydrogels are one form of scaffold that can be applied to cartilage and bone repair using fully differentiated cells, adult and embryonic stem cells.

Outcome measure: Case studies represent an overview of our laboratory's investigations.

Results: Bilayered scaffolds to promote tissue development and the formation of more complex osteochondral tissues were developed and proved to be effective.

Conclusion: Tissue engineering provides a venue to investigate tissue development of mutant or diseased cells and potential therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Bone and Bones / physiology*
  • Cartilage / physiology
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogels / chemistry*
  • Stem Cells / physiology
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Hydrogels