Ossiculoplasty with intact stapes and absent malleus: the silastic banding technique

Otol Neurotol. 2005 Sep;26(5):846-52. doi: 10.1097/01.mao.0000185068.50575.92.


Objective: To report an original method of ossicular reconstruction with intact stapes and absent malleus. Ossiculoplasty is performed with a total ossicular replacement prosthesis positioned from the stapes footplate to the under-surface of the tympanic membrane, using a Silastic banding technique to stabilize the prosthesis.

Study design: A prospective study of ossicular reconstruction using the Silastic banding technique. A consecutive series of cases with intact stapes superstructure and missing malleus handle (Austin-Kartush Group C) is presented.

Setting: One tertiary referral center.

Patients: Ninety-nine patients who underwent total ossicular reconstruction with Silastic banding technique were enrolled in the study from January 2000 to December 2002.

Interventions: Ossiculoplasty with total ossicular replacement prostheses with Silastic Rubber Band for chronic otitis media and non-inflammatory disease.

Main outcome measures: Preoperative and postoperative audiometric evaluation using conventional audiometry. Air-bone gap, bone-conduction threshold, and air-conduction threshold were assessed. Postoperative audiometry was performed at the 6th, 9th, 12th, 18th, 24th, and 36th months.

Results: Overall, a postoperative air-bone gap closed to within 10 dB was achieved in 61.5% of cases. An air-bone gap smaller than 20 dB was obtained in 77% of cases. Postoperative improvement of air-conduction thresholds by at least 20 dB was found in 51% of cases. There was no case of postoperative sensorineural hearing loss. One case of extrusion of the prosthesis was seen (1%).

Conclusion: Stabilizing the total ossicular replacement prosthesis with the Silastic banding technique when performing ossicular reconstruction is a safe, effective method when the stapes supra-structure is present and the malleus absent.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Audiometry, Pure-Tone
  • Auditory Threshold
  • Bone Conduction
  • Ear Diseases / surgery*
  • Ear Ossicles / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ossicular Replacement / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reoperation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome