Effect of combined supplementation of fish oil with garlic pearls on the serum lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic subjects

Indian Heart J. 2005 Jul-Aug;57(4):327-31.


Background: Elevated total cholesterol, especially low-density lipoprotein has been documented as the leading risk factor for the coronary artery disease among Indians. Studies with fish oil supplementation alone have shown an increase in low-density lipoprotein, thereby enhancing the risk associated with incidence of coronary artery disease in hypercholesterolemic subjects. In view of this, the effect of a combined supplementation of fish oil with garlic pearls on the serum lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic subjects was studied.

Methods and results: We administered 600 mg of fish oil with 500 mg of garlic pearls (garlic oil) per day to 16 hypercholesterolemic subjects (age range: 30-60 years) with a total cholesterol above 220 mg/dl for 60 days. The effect of this combined supplementation was compared with that of a control group (16 hypercholesterolemic subjects) without any supplementation. The baseline body height and weight of all the subjects were recorded. Significant reductions were seen in all the lipid parameters (except high-density lipoprotein which was increased) in the test group after 60 days compared to that of the control group. The total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, serum triglyceride, very low-density lipoprotein, and the total cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein ratio reduced by 20%, 21%, 37%, 36.7%, and 23.4%, respectively, and the high-density lipoprotein increased by 5.1% after 60 days of supplementation.

Conclusions: The co-administration of garlic pearls with fish oil was found to be more effective than placebo in the management of dyslipidemia.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Allyl Compounds / therapeutic use*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Fish Oils / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood*
  • Hypercholesterolemia / diet therapy*
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sulfides / therapeutic use*


  • Allyl Compounds
  • Fish Oils
  • Lipids
  • Sulfides
  • allyl sulfide