Recent trends in ILO conventions related to occupational safety and health

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2006;12(3):255-66. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2006.11076688.


The present study was conducted to analyze the ratification status of International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions related to occupational safety and health (OSH) by ILO member states in terms of national indicators (length of ILO membership and national income status) and regional affiliation. 17 conventions designated as OSH-related by the 2003 International Labour Conference were examined. In general, countries with longer ILO membership ratified higher numbers of conventions related to OSH. With some variation, long-membership countries had the largest number of ratifications, followed by middle- and short-membership countries in all regions. There were also incremental increases in the number of ratifications for OSH-related conventions according to the national income status. Common regional characteristics that could not be explained by the factors studied also existed. Future efforts to increase ratification at an international level will need to consider the factors influencing ratification practice among the member states.

MeSH terms

  • Congresses as Topic
  • Humans
  • Income
  • International Cooperation*
  • Labor Unions / economics
  • Labor Unions / organization & administration*
  • Labor Unions / standards
  • Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data*