Catch-up growth in autosomal dominant isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD type II)

Growth Horm IGF Res. 2007 Jun;17(3):242-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ghir.2007.01.014. Epub 2007 Mar 13.


Objective: Data on the GH-induced catch-up growth of severely GH-deficient children affected by monogenetic defects are missing.

Patients: Catch-up growth of 21 prepubertal children (6 females, 15 males) affected with IGHD type II was analyzed in a retrospective chart review. At start of therapy, mean age was 6.2 years (range, 1.6-15.0), mean height SDS was -4.7 (-7.6 to -2.2), mean IGF-I SDS was -6.2 (-10.1 to -2.2). GH was substituted using a mean dose of 30.5microg/kg*d.

Results: Catch-up growth was characterized by a mean height gain of +0.92, +0.82, and +0.61 SDS after 1, 2, and 3 years of GH therapy, respectively. Mean height velocities were 10.7, 9.2 and 7.7cm/year during the first three years. Mean duration of complete catch-up growth was 6 years (3-9). Mean height SDS reached was -0.97 (-2.3 to +1.1), which was within the range of the estimated target height of -0.60 SDS (-1.20 to -0.15). The younger and shorter the children were at start of therapy the better they grew during the first year independent of the dose. Mean bone age was delayed at start by 2.1 years and progressed by 2.5 years during the first two years of therapy. Incomplete catch-up growth was caused by late initiation or irregular administration of GH in four cases.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that GH-treated children with severe IGHD show a sustained catch-up growth over 6 years (mean) and reach their target height range. This response to GH is considered to be characteristic for young children with severe growth retardation due to IGHD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Height / drug effects*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dwarfism, Pituitary / drug therapy*
  • Dwarfism, Pituitary / genetics
  • Female
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Growth Hormone / pharmacology
  • Growth Hormone / therapeutic use*
  • Human Growth Hormone / deficiency*
  • Human Growth Hormone / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use*
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Growth Hormone