Mycological evaluation of bronchoalveolar lavage in cats with respiratory signs from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Mycoses. 2007 May;50(3):210-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2007.01358.x.


Twenty-three cats with respiratory signs who had domiciliary contact with cats with sporotrichosis were studied. Sneezing was the predominant extracutaneous sign. Twelve cats had no skin lesions and 11 had ulcerated skin lesions. Mycological culture of material obtained from the nasal cavity, oral cavity, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and skin lesions, when present, was performed for all cats. In the case of autopsy, lung fragments were cultured. Sporothrix schenckii was isolated from four of the 12 cats without skin lesions: BAL (one cat) and oral and/or nasal cavity (three cats). The latter three animals developed nasal and distant skin lesions within the following 2-4 weeks. The cat with S. schenckii isolated from BAL did not develop skin lesions or lower respiratory tract symptoms during the 6 months of follow-up. S. schenckii was isolated from one or more biological samples of all 11 cats with skin lesions: oral cavity (five), nasal cavity (eight), BAL fluid (four), skin lesions (eight), and blood culture (one). No yeast-like structures were observed upon BAL cytology in any of the 23 cats. The results suggest that S. schenckii can cause infection of skin contiguous to the natural facial orifices through colonisation of the mucosal surfaces of the upper airways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / microbiology*
  • Cat Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases* / microbiology
  • Cat Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Cats
  • Dermatomycoses / diagnosis
  • Dermatomycoses / epidemiology
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology
  • Dermatomycoses / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / microbiology
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / veterinary*
  • Sporothrix / isolation & purification*
  • Sporotrichosis / diagnosis
  • Sporotrichosis / epidemiology
  • Sporotrichosis / microbiology
  • Sporotrichosis / veterinary*