Over the past decade, a large number of potential medications have been examined in clinical trials for cocaine dependence. Unfortunately, no effective pharmacotherapies for cocaine dependence have been found to date. Although effective treatments for cocaine dependence are still being investigated, a few variables have been found to significantly predict cocaine treatment response. These variables include cocaine use variables, such as days of cocaine use in the month before treatment, baseline urine cocaine results, and cocaine withdrawal symptoms. Comorbid depression and alcohol use have also been shown to be risk factors for relapse. Among personality variables, impulsivity and similar personality traits may predict treatment response. Initial promising findings with genetic polymorphism, brain activation, and stress response have also been found and need to be replicated in future studies.