Culture and group perception: dispositional and stereotypic inferences about novel and national groups

J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 Oct;93(4):525-43. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.93.4.525.


In 3 studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that Chinese participants would view social groups as more entitative than would Americans and, as a result, would be more likely to infer personality traits on the basis of group membership--that is, to stereotype. In Study 1, Chinese participants made stronger stereotypic trait inferences than Americans did on the basis of a target's membership in a fictitious group. Studies 2 and 3 showed that Chinese participants perceived diverse groups as more entitative and attributed more internally consistent dispositions to groups and their members. Guided by culturally based lay theories about the entitative nature of groups, Chinese participants may stereotype more readily than do Americans when group membership is available as a source of dispositional inference.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Character*
  • China
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Ethnicity / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Judgment
  • Male
  • Social Identification*
  • Stereotyping*
  • United States