Phosphatidylglucoside: a new marker for lipid rafts

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 Mar;1780(3):405-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2007.08.016. Epub 2007 Sep 6.


Lipid rafts are functional microdomains enriched with sphingolipids and cholesterol. The fatty acyl chain composition of sphingolipids is a critical factor in the localization of lipids in lipid rafts. The recent studies suggest that lipid rafts are more heterogeneous than previously thought. In addition, our discovery of a new glycolipid, phosphatidylglucoside (PtdGlc), also supports the notion of raft heterogeneity. The complete structural characterization of PtdGlc shows that it consists solely of saturated fatty acyl chains: C18:0 at the sn-1 and C20:0 at the sn-2 positions of the glycerol backbone. This unique fatty acyl composition comprising a single molecular species rarely occurs in known mammalian lipids. Although the structure of PtdGlc is similar to that of phosphatidylinositol, PtdGlc localizes to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane and is possibly involved in cell-cell interaction signaling in the central nervous system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Glucosylceramides / metabolism
  • Glycerophospholipids / chemistry
  • Glycerophospholipids / immunology
  • Glycerophospholipids / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Microdomains / metabolism*
  • Sphingolipids / metabolism


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Biomarkers
  • Glucosylceramides
  • Glycerophospholipids
  • Sphingolipids
  • phosphatidylglucose