Neuroendocrine, metabolic, and immune functions during the acute phase response of inflammatory stress in monosodium L-glutamate-damaged, hyperadipose male rat

Neuroendocrinology. 2008;88(3):227-34. doi: 10.1159/000124131. Epub 2008 Apr 2.


In rats, neonatal treatment with monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) induces several metabolic and neuroendocrine abnormalities, which result in hyperadiposity. No data exist, however, regarding neuroendocrine, immune and metabolic responses to acute endotoxemia in the MSG-damaged rat. We studied the consequences of MSG treatment during the acute phase response of inflammatory stress. Neonatal male rats were treated with MSG or vehicle (controls, CTR) and studied at age 90 days. Pituitary, adrenal, adipo-insular axis, immune, metabolic and gonadal functions were explored before and up to 5 h after single sub-lethal i.p. injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 150 microg/kg). Our results showed that, during the acute phase response of inflammatory stress in MSG rats: (1) the corticotrope-adrenal, leptin, insulin and triglyceride responses were higher than in CTR rats, (2) pro-inflammatory (TNFalpha) cytokine response was impaired and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokine response was normal, and (3) changes in peripheral estradiol and testosterone levels after LPS varied as in CTR rats. These data indicate that metabolic and neroendocrine-immune functions are altered in MSG-damaged rats. Our study also suggests that the enhanced corticotrope-corticoadrenal activity in MSG animals could be responsible, at least in part, for the immune and metabolic derangements characterizing hypothalamic obesity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute-Phase Reaction / blood
  • Acute-Phase Reaction / immunology*
  • Acute-Phase Reaction / metabolism*
  • Acute-Phase Reaction / physiopathology
  • Adiposity / physiology
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / blood
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Carbohydrates / blood
  • Corticosterone
  • Cytokines / blood
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Female
  • Inflammation Mediators / blood
  • Inflammation Mediators / metabolism
  • Lipids / blood
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Neurosecretory Systems / drug effects*
  • Neurosecretory Systems / physiopathology
  • Overweight / chemically induced*
  • Overweight / immunology
  • Overweight / metabolism
  • Overweight / physiopathology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sodium Glutamate*
  • Stress, Physiological / drug effects
  • Stress, Physiological / immunology*


  • Carbohydrates
  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Lipids
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Sodium Glutamate
  • Corticosterone