Effects of an oral superoxide dismutase enzyme supplementation on indices of oxidative stress, proviral load, and CD4:CD8 ratios in asymptomatic FIV-infected cats

J Feline Med Surg. 2008 Oct;10(5):423-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2008.01.008. Epub 2008 Apr 2.


This study was designed to test the effect of antioxidant supplementation on feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected felines. Six acutely FIV-infected cats (> or =16 weeks post-inoculation) were given a propriety oral superoxide dismutase (SOD) supplement (Oxstrin; Nutramax Laboratories) for 30 days. Following supplementation, the erythrocyte SOD enzyme concentration was significantly greater in the supplemented FIV-infected group than the uninfected control group or the unsupplemented FIV-infected group. The CD4+ to CD8+ ratio increased significantly (0.66-0.88) in the SOD supplemented FIV-infected cats but not in the unsupplemented FIV-infected cats. Proviral load and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in leukocyte cell types did not change significantly following supplementation. Antioxidant supplementation resulted in an increase in SOD levels, confirming the oral bioavailability of the compound in FIV-infected cats. This result warrants further investigation with trials of antioxidant therapy in FIV-infected cats that are showing clinical manifestations of their disease, as well as in other feline patients where oxidative stress likely contributes to disease pathogenesis, such as diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / administration & dosage
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Biological Availability
  • CD4-CD8 Ratio / veterinary
  • Cats
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Erythrocytes / enzymology
  • Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / enzymology*
  • Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / metabolism
  • Feline Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology
  • Female
  • Glutathione / blood
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / blood
  • Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / immunology
  • Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline / pathogenicity
  • Male
  • Malondialdehyde / blood
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Random Allocation
  • Superoxide Dismutase / administration & dosage
  • Superoxide Dismutase / pharmacology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Viral Load / veterinary*


  • Antioxidants
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Glutathione