Adverse hemodynamic effects of lateral rotation during mechanical ventilation

Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2008 Mar-Apr;27(2):54-61. doi: 10.1097/01.dcc.0000311593.87097.6a.


Turning critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients every 2 hours is a fundamental nursing intervention to reduce the negative impact of prolonged immobility from preventable pulmonary complications such as ventilator-associated pneumonia and atelectasis. Unfortunately, when coupled with positive pressure ventilation, the benefits of turning may come at the expense of cardiovascular function. Clinicians should closely monitor the hemodynamic response to turning mechanically ventilated patients, and if compromise is observed, the degree and duration of compromise may provide guidance to the appropriate intervention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated / prevention & control
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration / nursing*
  • Posture*
  • Pulmonary Atelectasis / prevention & control
  • Rotation