Software techniques for two- and three-dimensional kinematic measurements of biological and biomimetic systems

Bioinspir Biomim. 2008 Sep;3(3):034001. doi: 10.1088/1748-3182/3/3/034001. Epub 2008 Jul 1.


Researchers studying aspects of locomotion or movement in biological and biomimetic systems commonly use video or stereo video recordings to quantify the behaviour of the system in question, often with an emphasis on measures of position, velocity and acceleration. However, despite the apparent simplicity of video analysis, it can require substantial investment of time and effort, even when performed with adequate software tools. This paper reviews the underlying principles of video and stereo video analysis as well as its automation and is accompanied by fully functional and freely available software implementation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Biomimetics / methods*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
  • Joints / physiology*
  • Mechanical Phenomena
  • Models, Biological*
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Software*