Application of a needs-driven, competencies-based mental health training program to a post-disaster situation: the Grenada experience

Am J Disaster Med. Jul-Aug 2008;3(4):235-40.

Abstract

This report outlines an innovative approach to address post-natural disaster mental health needs in a region in which natural disasters are common---the Caribbean. Instead of traditional external vertical psychosocial interventions commonly used in this region, the authors developed and implemented a mental health interventions training program, in the island country of Grenada, which is focused on enhancing the capacity of local community-based health service providers to provide immediate and continued mental healthcare following a natural disaster. Soon after this training, a hurricane stuck the island of Grenada. A review of the self-confidence in the application of this training and the mental health intervention activities of these community health providers demonstrated that they felt able to effectively identify, intervene, and address post-disaster mental health needs within their communities and that their care of individuals affected continued beyond the immediate post-disaster period, suggesting that enhancing the capacity of local community-based health providers to deal with post-natural disaster mental health needs may be a useful model that may be applicable in other jurisdictions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Caribbean Region
  • Competency-Based Education
  • Disaster Planning*
  • Disasters*
  • Female
  • Grenada
  • Health Personnel / education*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Mental Health Services* / standards
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Workforce