Integration of Broadband Conductance Input in Rat Somatosensory Cortical Inhibitory Interneurons: An Inhibition-Controlled Switch Between Intrinsic and Input-Driven Spiking in Fast-Spiking Cells

J Neurophysiol. 2009 Feb;101(2):1056-72. doi: 10.1152/jn.91057.2008. Epub 2008 Dec 17.

Abstract

Quantitative understanding of the dynamics of particular cell types when responding to complex, natural inputs is an important prerequisite for understanding the operation of the cortical network. Different types of inhibitory neurons are connected by electrical synapses to nearby neurons of the same type, enabling the formation of synchronized assemblies of neurons with distinct dynamical behaviors. Under what conditions is spike timing in such cells determined by their intrinsic dynamics and when is it driven by the timing of external input? In this study, we have addressed this question using a systematic approach to characterizing the input-output relationships of three types of cortical interneurons (fast spiking [FS], low-threshold spiking [LTS], and nonpyramidal regular-spiking [NPRS] cells) in the rat somatosensory cortex, during fluctuating conductance input designed to mimic natural complex activity. We measured the shape of average conductance input trajectories preceding spikes and fitted a two-component linear model of neuronal responses, which included an autoregressive term from its own output, to gain insight into the input-output relationships of neurons. This clearly separated the contributions of stimulus and discharge history, in a cell-type dependent manner. Unlike LTS and NPRS cells, FS cells showed a remarkable switch in dynamics, from intrinsically driven spike timing to input-fluctuation-controlled spike timing, with the addition of even a small amount of inhibitory conductance. Such a switch could play a pivotal role in the function of FS cells in organizing coherent gamma oscillations in the local cortical network. Using both pharmacological perturbations and modeling, we show how this property is a consequence of the particular complement of voltage-dependent conductances in these cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Action Potentials / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Feedback
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Interneurons / classification
  • Interneurons / drug effects
  • Interneurons / physiology*
  • Linear Models
  • Models, Neurological
  • Neural Inhibition / drug effects
  • Neural Inhibition / physiology*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Potassium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Somatosensory Cortex / cytology*
  • Tetraethylammonium / pharmacology
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Potassium Channel Blockers
  • Tetraethylammonium